NINA (a New Instrument for Nuclear Analysis) has been developed by the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) and the Moscow State Engineering and Physics Institute (MEPhI). Its scientific goal is to detect cosmic ray nuclei of galactic, solar, anomalous and trapped origin between 10 and 200 MeV/n at 1 AU, by means of two satellite missions.

NINA Silicon Detector
NINA Silicon Detector
 
The satellite Resurs-01-N4
  The satellite Resurs-O1-N4

The first of the two NINA experiments was carried out on board of the satellite Resurs-O1-N4, developed by the Russian space company VNIIEM. The spacecraft was launched on the 10th of July 1998 into a polar sun-synchronous orbit of altitude 840 km, from the cosmodrome of Baikonur in Russia.

The satellite MITA
  The satellite MITA

NINA-1 was followed in space by a twin detector, NINA-2, placed in a polar orbit at a lower altitude (450 km). NINA-2 is housed on board of the Italian satellite MITA, made by the Carlo Gavazzi Space company, launched on the 15th of July 2000 from the Plesetsk launch facility in Russia. This second mission is still taking data.


 

Info: Vincenzo Buttaro

 

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